Written Language refers to communication in
its written form - specifically skills contributing to and
including reading and writing. There is evidence that we are
"hard-wired" for oral language; speaking and listening skills are most
often acquired naturally by young children without the need for
systematic, explicit teaching. Language in its written form,
however, is a process that is "superimposed" on our innate oral language
rules and must be explicitly taught. Many languages continue to
exist that do not have a written form.
As literacy skills emerge, oral and written language
are closely intertwined. School-based therapy to address oral
language delays and disorders is often conducted in conjunction with
reading and writing activities, as the interaction between the two forms
of communication is well-documented. For example, increased
awareness and understanding of how sounds and letters relate to one
another can have reciprocal effects on a child's articulation skills.
As children develop awareness of print and begin to read and write, much
of their new vocabulary is acquired through reading. Written
language is more complex than spoken language, so that children who read
more develop more sophisticated language skills in all domains.
Links on these pages (above) will lead you to definitions
useful in understanding literacy development, as well as additional
information regarding literacy, spelling, dyslexia, and basic writing